APA Citation Style


Journal or Magazine Article (use for journals that start each issue with page one)

Wilcox, R. V. (1991). Shifting roles and synthetic women in Star Trek: The Next Generation. Studies in Popular Culture, 13(2), 53-65.

Journal or Magazine Article (use for journals where the page numbering continues from issue to issue)

Dubeck, L. (1990). Science fiction aids science teaching. Physics Teacher, 28, 316-318.

Newspaper Article

Di Rado, A. (1995, March 15). Trekking through college: Classes explore modern society using the world of Star Trek. Los Angeles Times, p. A3.

Article from an Internet Database

Mershon, D. H. (1998, November-December). Star Trek on the brain: Alien minds, human minds. American Scientist, 86, 585. Retrieved July 29, 1999, from Expanded Academic ASAP database.


Okuda, M., & Okuda, D. (1993). Star Trek Chronology: The History of the Future. New York: Pocket Books

Book Article or Chapter

James, N. E. (1988). Two sides of paradise: The Eden myth according to Kirk and Spock. In D. Palumbo (Ed.), Spectrum of the fantastic (pp. 219-223). Westport, CT: Greenwood.

Encyclopedia Article

Sturgeon, T. (1995). Science fiction. In The encyclopedia Americana (Vol. 24, pp. 390-392). Danbury, CT: Grolier.

ERIC Document

Fuss-Reineck, M. (1993). Sibling communication in Star Trek: The Next Generation: Conflicts between brothers. Miami, FL: Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 364932)


Lynch, T. (1996). DS9 trials and tribble-ations review. Retrieved October 8, 1997, from Psi Phi: Bradley’s Science Fiction Club Web site.


– If you are using the style for Copy Manuscripts, doublespace all lines. If you are using the style for Final Manuscripts, singlespace all lines and skip a line in between each reference. Ask your professor which style to follow.
– Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by author, interfiling books, articles, etc.
– Indent the second and following lines 5 to 7 spaces or one half inch.
– Use only the initials of the authors’ first (and middle) names.
– If no author is given, start with the title and then the date.
– If you are using a typewriter that cannot produce italics, then use underlining instead.
– Magazine articles: include the month (and day) as shown under Newspapers.
– Websites: if the date the page was created is not given, use (n.d.).
– The rules concerning a title within a title are not displayed here for purposes of clarity. See the printed version of the manual for details.
– For documents and situations not listed here, see the printed version of the manual.

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